Understand the Process of Product Testing
Most products are made from the industries. Examples of products we use in our day to day lives made from industries include drugs, foods, cosmetics, electronic goods, hardware among many others. To make these products, the manufacturers use different raw materials. Unknown to many are the effects of the products when they are exposed to the public or the environment. Testing of the in the industrial goods has thus been made compulsory by the government.
Consumer testing, product testing and comparative testing all refer to the same process of ascertaining the quality of industrial goods. Before products can make it to the market, the manufacturer is supposed to perform a series of tests. A representative sample of the goods in production is what the manufacturer does the tests on and not on every product they manufacture. The overall rating of the products is, therefore, the results of the selected samples on the tests they were subjected to. Any product you see in the market has already undergone a number of tests before it was allowed into the market. Let us see some of the tests performed on consumer products before their release for use.
Food, cosmetics and drugs undergo a test only designed for them. These products are first of all tested on animals before any trial on human subjects. The basic requirement for testing a product on an animal is that the animals being used for testing the product have to be protected. The other assumption made is that effects of the product on the animals will be similar to those exhibited by humans. Two tests, dermal and oral, are given to the animal. For testing the effects of the products on humans or animals when ingested, the manufacturer administers oral tests. Dermal tests are the tests administered to the animals to evaluate the effect of products on the skin of human and animals If a product passes animal tests, it can then be done on human subjects.
Animal testing is however not done on products we do not consume. Vehicles, mobile phones, televisions, utensils and other like items are examples in this category. Tests done on these type of products are specific to the expected use of the product. The tests are conducted in simulated environments. The products are subjected to the stresses and other dynamics that face it when in use in real life. Light, noise, wind, vibrations and other stresses are examples of the test parameters used to test these products.
The final tests before the release of any product for use are the environmental tests. Environmental tests are done to assess the effects of the product or its resides on the environment. Decomposition of the products as well as the release of any harmful gases are the things environmental tests focus on. A product cannot be released for use if it fails in this area.