The structure or rigid walls that are being built and used to hold, keep, or retain a wedge of soil behind the said structure is called as a retaining wall. The most common kinds of materials used for the said rigid wall include boulders, rocks, concrete blocks, natural stones, bricks, wall stones, poured concrete, and treated timbers. The most common types of retaining walls found in various parts of the world, are the gravity retaining walls, the cantilevered retaining walls, the sheet piling retaining walls, the bored pile retaining walls, and the anchored retaining walls. Retaining walls can provide the owners of the properties with various benefits, such as preventing dirt piles and sink holes, preventing damages to the property and the surrounding structures within the property, preventing erosion, reducing maintenance, providing functional support to keep or retain soil in place, and preventing the occurrence of flooding within the area.
Any forms of activity or motion that are being done to modify, change and customize the features of a land that are visible to the human eye is called as landscaping. The various visible element or features of an area of land are the natural elements, like bodies of water, landforms, and terrain elevation and shape; the abstract elements, like lighting conditions and horticulture; and the living elements, like fauna or flora. The various styles or types of landscape design are the Mediterranean style, the southwest landscape design, the formal gardens, the tropical landscape design style, the Tuscan garden design, the cottage gardens, the xeriscaping and the Japanese garden style. The professional who are trained and specializes in landscaping are called as landscape architect, landscape contractor, landscape designer, or simply as landscaper.
Xeriscaping is recognized as a water wise method of landscaping, in a way that it can eliminate or reduce the need for supplemental water from irrigation and it is also identified as both landscaping and gardening. Xeriscaping is absolutely recognized as an alternative to the other traditional methods of landscaping, which is why it is known as a more modernized one. Water-conserving landscapes, drought-tolerant landscaping, zeroscaping or zero-scaping, and smart scaping, are the other terms used for xeriscaping. It is a fact that xeriscaping can provide the people with great advantages and benefits, and with that the people chose the said modernized method for their garden plans. The various advantages and benefits of xeriscaping include reduced maintenance, less cost to maintain the structure, reduced pollution and waste, lowered consumption or usage of water, promotes rainfall retention, and lastly, makes water available for other important purposes and uses.