When checking the latest information, it is said that the number of ethnic groups in the world today stands at around one hundred thousand. There are several things that are considered when classifying these groups and some of them are the cultural heritage, beliefs, and homeland.
Just like with any other groups, there are the majority ethnic groups as well as the minority ethnic groups. According to the data released by the UN, there are still other minority ethnic groups that are unknown and undocumented.
Today, the Uyghur ethnic group is considered to be among the minority ethnic groups that exist. They originate from Turkey and currently can be found in East and Central Asia. They can be found in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in mainland China. China has recognized them as among the 55 minority ethnic groups.
Although the largest number live in China, they are also spread across other countries that neighbor Turkey. Kazakhstan is the second country that has a huge number of these people standing at 200,000 by 2010. Other numbers can be found in the Uzbekistan at 55,000 and Kyrgyzstan with over 49,000. Ironically, Turkey has slightly over 45,000 of the Uyghurs.
The Turkistan ethnic group is widely spread in other areas of the world even though it is small numbers. There was a time when these people were mainly called the Turks because of their language.
By the 19th Century, this group was referred to be the most ancient ethnic group in the world. Their origin dates back to the 2nd century. There was a time when their Uyghur name was lost but was later rediscovered. The name today refers to a collective of all people who come from this ethnic group.
This group is known to be among the minority ethnic group and also as the oldest group to exist. They are also known as one of the groups that have stayed true to their beliefs as their ancestors.
They are known for farming, baking, and black smith. There is a small group that is known for practicing pastoralism in this region as well.
The Uyghurs are known for speaking Uyghur and Chinese language. They widely practice Islam and are the followers of the Sunni Sect. They are closely related to the Karluks, Tocharians, and the Turkic people.
After the fall of the Uyghur Kingdoms, the people of Uyghur dispersed around the world. The split ended up with the formation of the Ganzhou Kingdom near the present-day Zhangye in China. Today, it is believed that the modern Uyghurs are the descendants of this kingdom.
The people of Uyghur have had an opportunity that other groups have failed of practicing their belief without external influences from other people.